We have published in NATURE SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 23 January 2018 Comparison between direct contact and extract exposure methods for PFO cytotoxicity evaluation

A series of recent acute blindness cases following non–complicated retinal detachment surgery caused the release of several health alerts in Spain. The blindness was attributed to certain lots of perfuorooctane (PFO; a volatile and transient medical device). Similar cases have been reported in other countries. This has raised questions regarding the validity of cytotoxicity test methods currently used to certify the safety of PFO lots. The tests were performed according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) norms, using the extract dilution method or the indirect contact method as applied to L929 cells, a line derived from mouse fbroblasts. The limitations of those methods have been resolved in this study by proposing a new cytotoxicity test method for volatile substances. The new method requires direct contact of the tested substance with cells that are similar to those exposed to the substance in the clinical setting. This approach includes a few new technical steps that are crucial for detecting cytotoxicity. Our new method detected toxic PFO lots that corresponded to the lots producing clinical blindness, which previous methods failed to detect. The study suggests applying this new method to avoid occurrence of such cases of blindness